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S3:E8 What is the Difference Between Communism and Socialism?

S3:E8 What is the Difference Between Communism and Socialism?

What is the difference between communism and socialism? They get used interchangeably in our culture, but do they really mean the same thing?

In this episode, we’ll give a textbook definition of each and then see how those ideas change in the wild. Our guests today are my friend Brian Faehnrich, Professor Barbara Engel (author of “Russia in World History“), and Roland Elliott Brown (author of “Godless Utopia“).

The basic difference between communism and socialism is where the profit goes:

  • In communism, the profits go to the government
  • In socialism, the profits can go to the people

Also, communism is inherently atheistic, in keeping with the vision of Karl Marx.

Select Links:

  • President Trump’s speech before the United National General Assembly on September 24, 2019 (CSPAN)
  • Russia in World History – by Barbara Engel
  • Godless Utopia – by Roland Elliott Brown
  • New York Times article about the potato harvest

Topic Covered:

  • What is the difference between communism and socialism?
  • Who was Karl Marx?
  • Who invented communism?
  • What was the first communist country? (Russia)
  • How did Vladimir Lenin rise to power?
  • Does communism work?
  • Is communism a utopian idea?
  • What did Karl Marx have against the Christian church?
S3:E7 History of The Russian Church

S3:E7 History of The Russian Church

“We did our best, but it turned out as it always does”.

Kind of a dark statement, no? It is a popular Russian phrase that kind of encapsulates the spirit of Russian history. People who try hard to make a change, but that change is not exactly great. In this episode of the Truce Podcast, we spoke with Jennifer Eremeeva, author of the excellent book, “Have Personality Disorder, Will Rule Russia” about the history of the Russian Christian church.

Christianity came to Russia by sword point. It started out as a pagan culture, heavily influenced by the Vikings. When Vladimir, ruler of ancient Moscow, wanted some of the treasures of the Byzantine empire, he had a couple of options. He could invade and capture them, or he could make a trade deal. He tried both, but it didn’t quite work out. As part of the peace deal, the Byzantine empire offered him a bride and trade if he converted to Christianity. So he did. Then Vladimir forced his kingdom to convert to Christianity or face death.

This means that Russian held on to their pagan ancestry and co-mingled it with their new Christian faith.

But that’s not the end of the journey! Their shared faith became a bonding opportunity when the Mongols invaded. The church was their hub, the thing that connected them to all of the disconnected parts of Russia.

After the Mongols left, things settled down for a bit. Until the Orthodox church showed up. You see, when the Byzantine empire fell to Muslim forces, the Orthodox church needed a new home. So Ivan brought them to Moscow. Now Moscow is home to one of the largest branches of Christianity in the world – the Russian Orthodox church.

From sword point to housing one of the largest branches of the faith, Russia has a varied history with Christianity. Listen to this episode to get the full story.

Sources and links:

  • Have Personality Disorder, Will Rule Russia – book by Jennifer Eremeeva
  • Stephen Mansfield interview featured in this episode
  • Five Minute Bible Hour video about the Orthodox Church

Topic Discussed:

  • How did the Russian Orthodox church begin?
  • Who was Prince Vladimir?
  • When did the Mongols enter Russia?
  • Who was Ivan the Great?
  • Why is the Russian church associated with paganism?
  • What is a good primer on Russian history?
  • The fall of the Byzantine Empire
  • How did Moscow become the capital of Russia?
  • Why do we like dark jokes?
  • Church history

Thanks for your support of Truce! We’re working to be the best, most unique Christian podcast on the market. Please help us spread the word!

S3:E6 A Russian Christmas

S3:E6 A Russian Christmas

Christmas and New Years can be a stressful time for us. But what if you had to celebrate two Christmas’ and two Years’? Our special guest Jennifer Eremeeva (author of Have Personality Disorder Will Rule Russia) is an American married to a Russian. Each year they have the potential of four holidays in less than a month. But why?

The confusion has to do with a discrepancy in calendars. It turns out that the old Julian calendar, which is used by the Russian Orthodox Church, is several days different than the Gregorian calendar that we use. This has to do with an old disagreement between the Catholic and Orthodox churches.

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Herring Under Fur Coat Recipe:

This recipe is pretty simple, but it may take a few hours to make so do this one in advance.

Ingredients:

  • 1 jar of mayonnaise (squeeze-able is easiest)
  • 3 medium size beats (peeled)
  • 4-5 carrots (peeled)
  • 1 large potato (peeled)
  • 1 jar of pickled herring
  • 1 bag of grated cheddar cheese
  • 1 bunch of fresh green onions
  • 1 jar of pickles

Cooking Instructions:

  1. Peel the beats, carrots, and potato then put them on boil for an hour. Yes, it will look like blood and the beats will dye the other veggies.
  2. While the vegetables are boiling, open the pickled herring (if in a jar). Remove any bones. Dice. Keep refrigerated until it is used.
  3. After the vegetables are boiled, grate each of them separately with the small holes.
  4. On a pie plate make a mound with the potato. Spread it out to the edges of your plate.
  5. Cover the potato with the following layers: mayo, pickled herring, green onions, mayo, carrots, mayo, pickles, beats, mayo, grated cheese.
  6. Place the whole thing in the refrigerator and let it sit for 2-3 hours before consuming. Overnight is okay too. The whole thing will turn a light pink color.
  7. Serve it like any other dip with veggies, crackers, or tortilla chips.

Other Sources

  • Russian Christmas blog post – Dividing My Time
  • Jennifer Eremeeva blog post – Is This Christmas?
  • Britannica article on the Julian Calendar

Topics Discussed:

  • Why is the Orthodox church on a different calendar?
  • What are the differences between the Julian calendar and the Gregorian calendar?
  • What is Christmas like in Russia?
  • What unique dish should I make for Christmas?
  • Russian food
  • Why did Pope Gregory establish the Gregorian calendar?
  • Who created the Julian calendar?
  • Russian history
S3:E4 Rasputin

S3:E4 Rasputin

Rasputin – the rogue monk who changed the face of the world. Or did he?

Grigory Rasputin was a wandering monk from Siberia. A peasant. A long-haired man with a family. Through a series of connections with powerful people, he became the right-hand man of Nicholas II, the Russian tsar. Some claimed that he had the power to heal. He was also a known philanderer.

Rumors of his relationship with the tsarina ran rampant. He, a peasant, may have influenced military decisions in WWI. The man was everywhere all at once–until he was brutally murdered in Petersburg one dark night. They tried cyanide and nothing happened. The shot him, and he fled. Who was this mystery man? What was his impact on Russia? On the Christian church? Listen to this special episode to find out!

Our goal is to become the best Christian podcast out there. We can only do that with your financial support. You can donate on Patreon and Paypal. Every little bit helps!

Select Sources:

Topics discussed:

  • Who was Grigory Rasputin?
  • Was Rasputin married?
  • Was Rasputin poisoned?
  • What is cyanide?
  • What are the effects of cyanide?
  • How did Rasputin die?
  • Where was Rasputin buried?
  • Did Rasputin sleep with Alexandra?
  • Was Rasputin responsible for the downfall of Russia?
S3:E3 The Fall of the Romanovs

S3:E3 The Fall of the Romanovs

This is the second in a two-part story about the fall of the last czars of Russia. Their murder had a ripple effect across history. After them came Lenin and the rise of communism and the USSR. The modern American church changed to keep up. If Russia was going for collectivism and atheism, the USA would hold on to capitalism and Christianity. Which means that the gospel would soon be identified with money, power, and military might.

In this episode we follow the abdication of Nicholas II to the untimely end of him and his family. Theirs was just the first of a long string of murders that would elevate Lenin and Stalin to power.

Truce is a listener-supported show. Please consider donating a little each month via Patreon (which entitles you to some cool bonus material) or helping out with a one-time gift on Paypal. These gifts are not tax-deductible.

Our research was greatly aided by the following books:

The Romanovs by Simon Sebag Montefiore

A Well Ordered Thing – Michael D Gordin

S3:E2 Romanov Stroganoff

S3:E2 Romanov Stroganoff

One murder changed the course of Christian history. And it wasn’t of a pope or church leader – it was the murder of Russia’s last czars, the Romanovs. This is the beginning of our series on how communist Russia shaped modern Christianity in America. Tsar Nicholas II made many crucial mistakes: allowing Rasputin into his life, ignoring workers, the Russo-Japanese War, and many others. How we dealt with these tragic errors led the country into the hands of the Bolsheviks.

Oh yeah, and we made stroganoff. The recipe is below.

Truce is a listener-supported show. Please consider donating a little each month via Patreon (which entitles you to some cool bonus material) or helping out with a one-time gift on Paypal. These gifts are not tax-deductible.

Our research was greatly aided by the following books:

The Romanovs by Simon Sebag Montefiore

A Well Ordered Thing – Michael D Gordin

Dairy-free stroganoff recipe

Ingredients:

Egg noodles (as many as necessary – we used half a bag)

1 lb ground beef

1 can mushrooms (small)

1/2 teaspoon pepper (or to taste)

1/2 teaspoon garlic powder

1/2 teaspoon mustard powder

1 diced onion

1/2 cup beef broth

1/2 cup dairy-free sour cream

1/2 cup mayonnaise

Directions:

  1. Brown ground beef in a skillet. A little extra beef is fine. Elk and deer meat work just as well, though you may want to add more seasoning if it is too “gamey”.
  2. Put hot water on to boil for the noodles.
  3. Drain the fat from the beef.
  4. Add noodles to hot water.
  5. When the meat is brown, add in garlic powder, pepper, mustard powder, onion, and mushrooms. Cook at about medium heat and stir.
  6. When the onion has softened a little, add in the mayonnaise, sour cream, and beef broth. Let that simmer for about 15 minutes.
  7. Drain noodles. Stroganoff is best served over a big heap of noodles. Put the beef mixture over the noodles and enjoy!

Questions we examine:

  • Why did communism take over Russia?
  • Who were the last tsars of Russia?
  • Who was Rasputin?
  • What was the Russo-Japanese War about?
  • Why did Lenin want to stay out of WWI?
  • Was Tsarina Alexandra crazy or just on a lot of drugs?
  • How did the downfall of the Russian tsars impact American Christianity?